The local level component of the
State Risk Project (SRP) aims to:
Help local governments to understand their risk
Assist local governments to complete the emergency risk
management (ERM) process as required by existing policy
Allow the State to gain a comprehensive understanding of current risks at the local level
Provide information to enable future mitigation at all levels which will reduce the future cost of disasters
The ERM process, particularly risk assessments, at the local level are not new as the process has been part of a local government's review of their Local Emergency Management Arrangements. However, consistent and comparable risk assessments across all 138 local governments have not been done yet.
In accordance with
State Emergency Management Policy Statement 3.2.6, ERM planning must be undertaken in accordance with
State EM Prevention and Mitigation Procedure 1 and it attachment,
Western Australian Emergency Risk Management, which is aligned with the Australian/New Zealand International Standard Organisation (AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009)
Risk Management – Principles and Guidelines.
The State Risk Project team have produced a
Local Government Handbook to guide LGs through the risk assessment process.
The State Risk Project has consulted with a range of local governments, risk management consultants, WALGA, OBRM and the District EM Advisors to determine the best way to achieve consistency of assessment across all local governments. Given the large number of local governments, the best way to provide the maximum level of support to local governments is to work with them in groups.
The diagram below outlines the process of group workshops.
Local governments who wish to undertake the ERM process outside of a group may do so using existing material and support provided by the District EM Advisors or by employing a consultant.
Tools to aid in the risk assesment process can be found in the
Conducting a compliant ERM process is an existing requirement for local governments (State EM Policy Section 3.2 and State EM Policy Procedure 1). But local governments do not have to participate in SRP local to fulfil their requirements. The project aims to assist local governments to comply with the requirements while providing valuable hazard and risk information which can be used to reduce risks and their associated costs for each community.
Local governments are free to opt out of the grouped approach and undertake their own ERM process. Local governments who wish to do this are still required to undertake a compliant ERM process under existing policy. This may be done alone or with the assistance of a suitably qualified consultant. Advice and helpful material for carrying out ERM process can also be provided by your District Emergency Management Advisor.
District Emergency Management Advisors will work with local government to determine their preferred groupings. Consideration is being given to existing working relationships and common hazard profiles.
You will not need to redo your ERM process until the review of your local emergency management arrangements (within the next five years). It may be beneficial for your local government to participate in SRP local to gain a greater understanding of the process and access to scenarios and risk statements specific to your area.
Local governments who are too far away to attend the two group sessions may wish to attend via SRP's video conferencing facilities or to undertake their own ERM process with the assistance of their District Emergency Management Advisor and/or a consultant.
The SRP local is designed to assist and support your local government in fulfilling its legislative requirements. Please discuss any issues that you may have with your District Emergency Management Advisor.
The SRP local will provide generic worst case scenarios and risk statements specific to the group's region. Group workshops will provide guidance to each local government on customising the provided scenarios and risk statements to match the local government's area and context. The session will also include information on facilitating a risk workshop and provide guidance on risk treatment.
The requirement to undertake the ERM process is the responsibility of the local government. SRP local aims to provide support and assistance to local governments to ensure state wide consistency. As shown in the SRP local process flowchart above, the SEMC Secretariat will facilitate Stages 2 and 4.
SRP local has been designed to be as flexible as possible to allow each local government to complete the assessments at their own pace. Once a local government has attended the initial group workshop (Stage 2), the timing of each individual risk assessment workshop (Stage 3) is up to the local government. It may be possible to run one assessment/workshop per LEMC throughout the year; however consideration should be given to the timing of the other local governments in your group as the final group workshop (Stage 4) will only be held once all member local governments have completed their individual risk assessment workshops.
The process starts with a one day group workshop to provide information and guidance to local governments (Stage 2). A further one day group workshop will take place once all local governments within the group have completed their individual assessments (Stage 4). In between the group sessions, five 2-3 hours risk assessments are needed to assess all five hazards selected (Stage 3). These sessions may be undertaken as a block or over a period of up to 18 months.
This is up to each individual local government. Each workshop in Stage 3 will take 2-3 hours to complete so it may be possible to complete each workshop within an extended LEMC meeting. Consideration should be given to ensure the normal business of the LEMC is maintained.
Five hazards is the minimum number suggested to get a comprehensive understanding of the LG risk profile. Local governments are very welcome to assess as many of the 27 prescribed hazards as are applicable to their area.
Yes, a consultant can undertake portions of the ERM process for a local government (primarily Stage 3 - facilitating the risk analysis and steps), but the involvement of local government staff and the LEMC members will be required for a valid assessment. Please speak with your District Emergency Management Advisor to ensure the process is consistent with the requirements under state policy.
If you wish contract a consultant to assist with your ERM process, please ensure your District Emergency Management Advisor is involved in each step to ensure consistency with State policy. The SRP will check the output of any assessment and provide feedback to the LG to ensure compliance with the standard.
At this time the SRP does not maintain a list of consultants. Your District Emergency Management Advisor or other local governments in your area may be able to make recommendations.
Tools used for risk management can be useful for the storage and analysis of finalised risk statements however the tool alone will not produce a compliant assessment. A worst case scenario, risk statements and assessment workshop are required for a compliant, consistent assessment. The SRP has created a suite of risk tools and these can be found
here. Other tools for data storage are available; please contact your District Emergency Management Advisor about whether a tool is suitable.
While the local level project is aimed at assisting local governments to complete their requirement to undertake comprehensive risk assessment, the data will also be used by the SRP to understand emerging issues affecting the local level of government. The data may also be used to inform state wide policy and treatments
The primary benefit is a better understanding of the risks your community faces. The second group workshop will focus on methods to reduce risks through treatments, reducing the cost of hazards on your community.