In emergency management, risk is established through a process whereby the sources of risk and the elements at risk are identified and assessed. In some cases, a source of risk may be present (e.g. a cyclone), but if there is no intersection with an element at risk (e.g. the cyclone hitting a town) then there is no risk. During the risk assessment process, the consequence of the anticipated impacts and the likelihood of those impacts determine the risk level.
The level of risk can be changed by deploying different capabilities, or emergency management practices. These capabilities are activities that should be done before, during or after an event, and can include owning and maintaining appropriate equipment, training people to have the right skills, raising community awareness about the risks through targeted education campaigns, carrying out prescribed burns or improving building codes.
Risk and capabilities have an inverse relationship; such that, when the capabilities of the state increase, the risks decrease.
The State Risk Project, initiated by the State Emergency Management Committee (SEMC) in 2013, aims to gain a consistent and comprehensive understanding of the risks posed to the State by the 27 hazards that are prescribed in Western Australian EM legislation.
Learn more about the State Risk project...